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  • In 1945, the once superior state was politically deprived of all powerIn 1945, the once superior state was politically deprived of all power
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Post-war era

The time between 1945 and 1949 is known as the post-war era or post-war period. While the USA ended the World War with the nuclear bombingcustomThe atomic bombings of the cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki in Japan were conducted by the United States during the final stages of World War II in August 1945 of Hiroshima and Nagasaki, Germany was officially occupied by France, Great Britain, the USA and the Soviet Union. The Soviet Union had annexed those areas in eastern- and central Europe previously occupied by Germany and thus augmented their power. The differences in the political systems of the western states and the Soviet Union eventually led to the East-West German divisioncustomAfter 1945 Germany was split between the two global blocs in the East and West, a period known as the division of Germany.

„Zero hour“

The German capitualtion at the end of the Second World War is also known as the zero hour. Adolf HitlercustomAdolf Hitler was the leader of the National Socialist German Workers Party and chancellor of Germany from 1933 to 1945 committed suicide before the cease-fire had begun; German soldiers were deported into Siberian labour camps and the once superior state was politically deprived of all power. France, the USA, Great Britain and the Soviet Union were the victorious powers of this war. At the Potsdam ConferencecustomGoals of the Potsdam Conference included the establishment of post-war order, peace treaty issues, and countering the effects of the war representatives of these nations negotiated the future of the German territory1.


Ever since the Russian revolutioncustomDue to the Russian Revolution 1917 the Provisional Government was removed and replaced with a Communist government the socialistic-Marxist ideology developed by Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels spread in Eastern Europe. The Bolsheviks had seized power in Russia during the October revolution of 1917 and installed a communistic state. The controlled economy met with significant mistrust in the USA, as the Americans aimed to install liberal and democratic foundations in the whole world. Those irreconcilable intentions prohibited a uniform realignment of German. This eventually led to the East-West German separation in 1949 and consequently the bipolar world order (Western and Eastern bloc), also known as cold warcustomThe cold war was a state of political and military tension after World War II between the United States and the Soviet Union2.

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1945 - 1949