The persecution of the Jews by the National Socialists is one of the gravest crimes on humanity in history. Hitler advocated a very anti-Semitic attitude and labeled Jews as “subhuman”. The National Socialist German Workers’ Party convinced the people that Jews were merely exploiting the state and were thus dispensable. The government dismissed people of Jewish descent from official posts and deported them into concentration camps. As an added humiliation Jews were forced to assume a Jewish forename and wear a Jewish badge in public over the following years.
Ever since 1933 Jews were forbidden to act as officials. Their stores were boycotted. The Nuremberg lawsThe Nuremberg Laws of 1935 were anti-Semitic laws in Nazi Germany. They included a ban on sexual relations and marriages between persons classified as Aryan and non-Aryan passed in 1936 restricted Jewish rights even further. Trough those laws Jews lost their German citizenship. Furthermore no person of Aryan descent was allowed to enter into marriage with a Jew. Those laws are commonly known as the “Law to protect German blood and German honour” and the “Citizenship law”1.
The anti-Jewish attitude reached a peak in the so called „KristallnachtThe Kristallnacht was a series of pogroms against Jews on 9th November 1938” on the 9th of November in 1938, when synagogues were burned down, Jewish shops destroyed and Jewish citizens detained. Around 20.000 Jews were deported into concentration camps that night alone. The pretence used by the National Socialists was an attempted assassination on a German diplomat in Paris, executed by a Jewish citizen who protested against the deportation of Jews to Poland2.
Final solution of the Jewish question
Jews, homosexuals and handicapped people were to be extinguished in the German Reich as they were considered inferior. The Wannsee conferencePurpose of the Wannsee Conference in 1942 was to ensure the cooperation of administrative leaders of various government departments in the implementation of the final solution to the Jewish question, whereby most of the Jews of German-occupied Europe would be deported to Poland and murdered in 1942 dealt with the final solution concerning the whereabouts of Jews in Germany. However the government did not reach a substantial decision as most Jews had already been annihilated systematically. The National Socialist German Workers’ Party did everything in order to keep this process from the German public. The Jews were to be extinguished by mass shootings and incineration in concentration camps3.