The radical way in which the National Socialists dealt with political opponents was especially obvious in the destruction of the free trade unions. Social democratic functionaries were abused and abducted into concentration campsNazi concentration camps. They were used to hold and torture political opponents and union organizers. Furthermore Hitler consolidated his control over justice, bureaucracy and military. The conversion into an imperious Fuehrer state was therefore inevitable.
In order to gain exclusive supreme command over the military Hitler was in conflict with Ernst RoehmErnst Roehm was the co-founder of the Sturmabteilung (SA). In 1934 he was a potential rival and therefore killed , concerning the executive position in the Sturmabteilung. With the help of the SS and acquiescence of the Armed forced Hitler ordered to have the existing SA leader executed, thus obtaining the supreme command over the military in Germany. Thereafter no internal opponents existed that could have interfered with the National Socialist German Workers’ Party in the slightest1.
Former President of the Reich, Hindenburg, weakened by old age retired from political affairs and passed away soon after Hitler assumed the position of President of the Reich as well. He assumed the position of commander-in-chief over the armed forces, thus uniting all institutions of power (bureaucracy, military and justice). He dissipated the German states and installed Berlin as the central seat of government.
To consolidate their power completely the National Socialists subjugated the press, movies and literature to tight censorship. Furthermore children were obliged to join the Hitler Youth from 1939 onwards. Teachers were forced to teach their students according to the Nazi raciology to integrate the youth early on2.
Justice and economy
By abolishing the division of powers Adolf Hitler assumed the solitary state authority. Free justice was increasingly restricted by the privileges of the National Socialists. Even judges could be deported into concentration camps if they objected Hitler’s demands. The German economy strengthened after Hitler’s assumption of power as armament and building of infrastructure caused a quick conjuncture In Germany. Hitler sought to compensate the enormous national debt by the victory in yet another world war.