• Wilhelm II. achieved to convince the masses of supporting his imperialismWilhelm II. achieved to convince the masses of supporting his imperialism
  • The possession of colonies in Africa led to further global controversiesThe possession of colonies in Africa led to further global controversies
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The dismissal of BismarckcustomOtto von Bismarck served as Prime minister of Prussia since 1862 and formed the German Empire in 1871 with himself as Chancellor  as Reich Chancellor in 1890 changed the international relations of the German empire in a drastic fashion, as Bismarck was constantly anxious to preserve a European system of peace.
It was his aim to isolate France and to install a system of alliances to prevent a war on two fronts for Germany. Wilhelm II.customWilhelm II. was the last German Emperor from 1882 to 1918 however advocated drastically different notions and instead aimed to develop Germany into a global power.
Regarding this goal he achieved to convince the masses of supporting his imperialism by the use of excessive national sentiment.


Bismarck’s longstanding efforts to avoid a war on two fronts as well as a diplomatic rapprochement between France and Russia became obsolete with the change in foreign affair policies in 1890. As the reinsurance contractcustomThe Reinsurance Treaty (1887) was an attempt by German Chancellor Otto von Bismarck to continue to ally with Russia with Russia from 1887 was not renewed after Bismarck’s dismissal Russia and France draw nearer in a military convention. Fundamental for the increasing tension was the role the German empire assumed in foreign affairs, as Wilhelm II. accepted every new conflict approvingly. He solely concentrated on the expansion of the German empire into a global power, this status was to be assured with a “place by the sun” (an African colony)1.

Moroccan crisis

Imperialism concerning the possession of colonies led to further global controversies at the beginning of the 20th century. In the first Moroccan crisiscustomIn the First Marocco crisis Wilhelm II. favored Moroccan independence. It was a challenge to France's mandate of the country (1905/06) a conflict concerning Morocco arose between France and Germany, as France maintained closer relations with Great Britain and thus gained economic influence. In the second Moroccan crisiscustomIn the Second Marocco crisis (1912) Germany demanded large areas of French Equatorial Africa to compensate for Germany's loss during the First Moroccan Crisis Germany sustained its objection against the French entitlement on the Moroccan colony. As compensation Germany was awarded a part of the French colony in Congo.
These debates lead to an increased exchange between France and Great Britain2.

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pre 1914